Pest Control

The Importance of Pest Control

Pests can damage plants, crops and personal items. They may sting, bite or gnaw, like bed bugs, cockroaches and mice. Some carry and spread disease, such as cockroaches, fleas, and cluster flies.

Action thresholds – levels of harm deemed unacceptable – have been established for many pests. Control options include prevention, suppression and eradication. Contact Pest Control Bakersfield CA now!

Preventing pests before they invade your home or business is the best way to save money and prevent health and safety issues. Pest prevention is not a complicated process; it starts with identifying the problem and taking appropriate actions. A common pest, for example, is the earwig; it enters homes and buildings to feed on nectar and plant juices, but it can also cause damage by boring into materials, causing rot, attracting predators or introducing disease-causing pathogens.

Many factors influence pest populations, including weather conditions, food availability and shelter. Weather, especially temperature and rainfall, can directly affect pests by killing or suppressing them or by reducing their ability to reproduce. The presence of natural predators and parasites often reduces the number of pests, as do the activities of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians and fish.

Other factors that may contribute to pest problems include the availability of water, roosting sites and places to hide, the quality of host plants and overwintering areas, and the presence of limiting environmental features such as mountains, lakes or large bodies of water that restrict the movement of pests. The use of natural barriers and habitat management can also help control pests.

The simplest way to keep pests out is to block points of entry. Pests exploit even the smallest cracks and openings, so seal all cracks and holes with caulk or other quality sealants. Install door sweeps and weather stripping to prevent pests from entering through gaps under doors. Keep garbage cans tightly sealed and remove them on a regular basis, as pests often enter buildings to access their food sources. Keep landscaping away from buildings to avoid providing a bridge for pests, and fix leaky pipes and faucets.

Cleaning counters, tables and floors regularly keeps them free of crumbs and other attractants that can entice pests to invade. In addition, regularly cleaning outdoor toys and furniture prevents them from bringing in pests such as fruit flies and fleas. Always store foods in the refrigerator, and dispose of waste material properly to discourage rodents and other pests. Keep all chemical products, even organic insecticides, out of reach of children and pets, as some are toxic and may irritate sensitive skin, eyes or respiratory systems. Always read product labels and follow instructions carefully, and only use products registered for the pest you are trying to control.


Pests are undesirable organisms, ranging from bacteria to fungus, nematodes, weeds, insects and vertebrates that cause damage or interfere with human activities. They may displace native species, devalue crops, disrupt ecosystems, and harm human health. Pest control is the process of regulating these organisms to reduce their detrimental effects. Pests can be controlled using natural, organic, or chemical means.

The three fundamental goals of pest control are prevention, suppression, and eradication. Preventive methods stop a pest infestation from occurring, whereas suppression limits pest activity and population growth to an acceptable level. Eradication destroys the pest and its eggs. Control strategies are selected based on the kind and amount of pest control required.

Monitoring pests is the key to determining whether or not control is needed. Scouting and trapping are important tools for identifying pests. Monitoring also includes checking for factors that might lead to a pest problem, such as water levels and temperature. It can help determine when a pest population will reach a threshold that might call for action.

Many pests are limited in their ability to thrive by the availability of food and water, shelter, overwintering areas, and other environmental conditions. In addition, features such as mountains and large bodies of water can restrict the movement of some pests.

Some pests such as mice and rats can enter houses, where they contaminate food, damage walls, furniture and wires, and spread diseases like plague, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, leptospirosis, Salmonella and others. They can even trigger asthma attacks in some people. Cockroaches and ants can also contaminate food, damage wood, and trigger allergic reactions in some people.

Physical and biological controls are the first steps in controlling pests that are difficult to prevent or kill. They include using baits, mating disruption, biological control, and changing irrigation practices. These approaches are often used in combination with other control methods. Chemicals are usually the last resort for pest control and are applied only when necessary to limit their use and impact on humans and the environment. They may be sprayed, drenched, or otherwise injected into the soil or onto the surface of plants.


Pests damage property, plants, food and animals. They also cause diseases that can harm people and pets. This makes pest control important for public health and safety, safeguarding crops and food supplies, preserving property, and maintaining ecological balance.

Most of us think of rodents, ants, beetles, flies and mosquitoes as pests. However, any living creature that causes a nuisance or is damaging can be considered a pest. Pests may bite, sting, cause allergic reactions and cause illness, like fleas, cockroaches and mice. They may stain or contaminate food, damage fabrics and furniture, or destroy personal items, such as clothes moths, bed bugs and carpet beetles. Pests can invade homes and buildings through cracks, crevices and holes, or they may enter through windows, doors or other openings.

Pesticides are chemicals that kill pests or prevent them from reproducing. They are used to treat both indoor and outdoor spaces. Some pesticides can have toxic effects on humans, pets and wildlife if misused or applied incorrectly. Pesticides can also fail to control pests if they are resistant or if the insecticide is not used at a time when the pest is in the correct life cycle stage for it to be killed.

Biological pest control uses natural organisms to control pests, such as parasitism, predators and herbivory. It also includes methods of genetic modification. Biological methods include the release of natural enemies, such as bacteria, viruses, nematodes and phytoplasmas; introduction of new species that are more resistant to disease or have desirable traits, such as tolerance to certain chemicals; and alteration of a plant or animal’s genes to make it less appealing to pests.

You can reduce the number of pests around your home and garden by keeping the environment clean, removing scraps of food and securing garbage cans. Eliminate hiding places for pests by trimming back overgrown plants and storing firewood properly. Fix leaky faucets, remove standing water and puddles, and seal any cracks or holes that pests can use to enter your home.


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an ecosystem-based approach to managing pests that includes prevention, monitoring, identification, and treatment. It seeks to reduce the use of pesticides and minimize damage to other organisms and to the environment. IPM also emphasizes the use of cultural, biological, physical, and educational methods to manage pest populations to acceptable levels. The UC IPM program began over fifty years ago and has produced an extensive library of pest management guidelines for all crops.

The first step is to monitor and scout on a regular basis, taking into account the season, weather, and plant health. This allows you to determine the types and levels of pests and to accurately identify them. It also helps you to evaluate economic or aesthetic injury thresholds – the level of pest presence below which no action is required.

If monitoring, scouting and identification indicate that pest control is necessary, you then decide on the most effective and least risky treatment strategy. This might include preventive measures, such as mowing or trapping, and may involve the release of natural enemies such as predators, parasitoids, and pathogens. If these methods are ineffective, or if the pest population has risen above your threshold, then you might need to consider more extreme measures such as spraying with a highly targeted chemical.

Remember to continuously reevaluate your plan, and make adjustments as needed. The climate changes, your landscape plants grow, soil conditions change and other factors can affect the interaction between your plants and pests. This continuous reevaluation allows you to stay ahead of pest problems rather than constantly playing catch-up with them.

Keeping a journal of your observations can help you track and analyze your IPM program. This can be especially useful for home gardeners who are not able to visit their gardens as often as professional growers, and it can help them develop a more consistent IPM program that is tailored to their own gardening situation. You can also get regionally specific advice, news and announcements from the USDA IPM Centers(link is external).

Pest Control

What is Pest Control?

Pest Control Boise is a series of actions taken to keep pest populations below an acceptable level. This may include exclusion, suppression, monitoring, or eradication.

Keep clutter to a minimum to reduce places for pests to hide and breed. Regularly remove trash and garbage.

Preventive measures include blocking off entry points, sealing cracks, and caulking holes. Chemical controls include nematicides and rodenticides.


Pests are more than just nuisances; they can carry germs and diseases into homes and businesses, posing health hazards for anyone who enters. Regular preventative pest control, such as routine inspections and targeted interventions, can keep these uninvited guests from invading homes and business, saving money on repairs and preserving the value of the property itself.

Pest prevention is reducing the level of a pest population to an acceptable level without using chemical controls. This can be achieved by changing the environment so that pests find it less favorable for living or reproducing. It can also be done by introducing new predators or parasites that kill or reduce pest populations. Physical barriers such as fences, netting and radiation can also be used to prevent pest entry into an area.

Keeping the environment unfavorable to pests requires diligent and consistent cleaning and maintenance, including removing trash and debris regularly, keeping food in tightly sealed containers and making sure all entrance points are properly caulked and sealed. Maintaining landscaping to limit the number of hiding places, water sources and roosting sites can also make it more difficult for pests to survive and reproduce.

In addition, weather conditions can affect pests and their activities. For example, cold temperatures and rain can kill or suppress some pests. The amount of moisture available affects the growth and development of many plant-eating pests, while winds can disperse pests or carry them from one area to another.

Other factors that can affect pests include the type and condition of their host plants; resistant varieties of crops, wood and animals are available to help control pests. The use of chemicals that are toxic to pests or their eggs and larvae can be helpful in controlling them.

Biological controls, such as predators, parasites, and pathogens, can be effective in controlling pests. They can also be used to replace or supplement chemical controls when the risks of releasing chemicals outweigh the benefits. These natural enemies attack or destroy the pests, their eggs, or their larvae, and so are much safer for the environment and humans than conventional chemicals.


Pests can damage property, crops, or the environment. They may also carry diseases and contaminate food, water or other materials. They are often a nuisance, disturbing people’s lives. Generally, the goal of pest control is to reduce their numbers to acceptable levels through prevention and/or suppression. Suppression usually involves the use of pesticides or other chemicals. Eradication, which involves eliminating a species entirely, is rarely the goal in outdoor pest situations, but it is possible in enclosed environments such as houses and retail or food preparation areas.

Preventing pests is easier than getting rid of them once they have invaded a home or business, so the first step in pest control is often to make sure the space is clean and tidy. Clutter is a good place for pests to hide and breed, so it should be cleared away, along with places where food or water can collect. Garbage should be removed regularly, and leaky pipes or other sources of water should be repaired. It is also important to close off access points, such as caulking cracks or sealing gaps around windows and doors.

Other physical controls include traps, screens, fences, radiation and other means of altering the environment to prevent pests from entering a space or stopping them from crossing into other spaces. Chemical controls may also be used, though they are usually considered a last resort and only applied after all other options have been explored. Pesticides are typically targeted at specific pests and aimed at killing them without harming beneficial organisms or other plants.

Biological pest control uses natural organisms such as parasitism, herbivory or nematodes to manage unwanted pest populations. These organisms are engineered to be specific to the pest they are targeting, and can be introduced into a pest population in a number of ways, including through spraying or inserting them directly into soil.

Pheromones can also be used to help monitor and control pest populations. For example, a manufactured copy of the pheromone that a female insect uses to attract males can be used to confuse males and prevent mating, which can lead to lower pest numbers.


A monitoring program can help a pest control manager make decisions about when and how to apply a pest control tactic. This is because the success of many control tactics depends on catching the pests early enough to prevent them from reaching damaging population levels.

Pest monitoring is generally done through a variety of methods depending on the type of pest. For example, monitoring of insect, mollusk, or vertebrate pests is usually done by trapping or scouting. Monitoring of weed or microbial pests may involve visual inspection or checking for damage symptoms.

Many pests are cold-blooded, meaning that their development is directly related to the ambient temperature. Because of this, phenology calendars or degree day models can be useful tools for tracking pest development. These tools account for the fact that pest development often varies from year to year because of emergent weather conditions.

Once a pest has been identified, monitoring can begin to identify the population level at which the pest causes economic injury to a crop. This is called the economic injury level or EIL and is used as the basis for a decision rule to determine when a pest control method should be implemented. The EIL can be determined through a variety of methods, including monitoring using sticky traps (i.e. apple maggot), sweep nets (i.e. cranberry fruitworm larvae), beat trays (i.e. psyllids), and feeding attractants (i.e. spotted wing drosophila).

In addition to determining when control is needed, monitoring can provide information about the effectiveness of a treatment. This can be done by looking at the number of adults captured on a sticky trap or by counting the number of eggs laid in a sweep net. Monitoring can also reveal whether a pest is becoming more or less common.

Monitoring can be a challenging task because it involves collecting and analyzing data on a regular basis. However, it is a vital part of effective pest control. In order to get the most out of a monitoring program, it is important to involve everyone on your property. This includes employees who do not work in the field, as they can be valuable eyes and ears for spotting pests. It is also important to keep everyone up-to-date on what the results of the monitoring are and how they will be used in pest management decisions.


The IPM method is a decision-making process that uses information on pest biology and environmental data to manage pest damage in ways that minimize costs and risks to people, property and the environment. It’s used everywhere: agricultural production, residential landscapes, military settings, schools, public health facilities and natural or wildland/natural areas.

IPM involves both prevention and suppression, but focuses on long term prevention. Preventive strategies include using disease-resistant plant species or cropping methods, caulking cracks to keep insects and rodents out of structures, weed control, and other physical barriers to prevent pests from getting where they are not wanted. IPM also focuses on the use of beneficial organisms and ecological manipulation to create unfavorable conditions for the pest by altering host or ecosystem susceptibility.

Structural IPM methods may cost more upfront than some other types of preventive controls, but they tend to cost less over the long run. This is true because structural IPM measures address the root cause of a problem, rather than simply masking it with chemicals or killing off all pests.

IPM also incorporates a treat-as-needed approach where pests are treated only when they reach economic injury or aesthetic thresholds, based on sampling and knowledge of the pest’s life cycle. This is generally done on a preventative basis, but can be on a reactive basis as well. It can also be combined with other IPM tactics.

Biological control reduces pest populations by introducing living organisms that naturally occur in the environment to limit pest growth or reproduction. These organisms can be predators, parasitoids or diseases. They can be introduced naturally by releasing organisms that are already present in the environment, or they can be deliberately added to a garden or crop. Before releasing any beneficial organisms, it is important to study them carefully to understand their habits, life cycles and what kinds of pests they target.

Integrated pest management is a complex, time-consuming process. It requires ongoing monitoring, careful record keeping and a good understanding of the pest life cycle to make informed decisions about pest management. UC IPM works closely with campus departments, Cooperative Extension and government agencies to provide comprehensive, science-based information about pests and their management options.