The Different Types of Plumbing

Plumbing is a demanding career that requires a lot of hands-on work. It also requires the ability to listen to customers and troubleshoot their problems.


Plumbing brings water into your home and removes wastewater, while process piping moves chemicals, gasses, and other fluids throughout a facility. Both serve important purposes, and both can be subject to the same problems like leaks, breaks, and clogs. Visit to learn more.

Piping is the network of pipes used to transport fluids in industrial applications. It may carry water, oil, natural gas, chemicals or steam. It is also used to connect equipment such as pumps, compressors and heat exchangers. Pipes can be made from a variety of materials including copper, steel and stainless steel. Pipes can be seamless or welded and they can be round, square or rectangular in shape. They can also have different wall thicknesses and diameters. Piping systems are used in a variety of industries, such as semiconductor, paper processing, oil and gas refining and pharmaceutical manufacturing.

Plumbing is the type of piping that most people are familiar with, as it’s used to transport water in homes and commercial buildings. It is typically installed behind walls and underneath floors. It can be made from a variety of materials, but the most common is copper. Piping is also often used in fire sprinkler systems and can transport non-potable water, sewage or other fire-suppression fluids.

While there are some similarities between piping and plumbing, the main difference is their intended purpose. A plumbing system is designed to transport water into facilities and provide safe drainage for wastewater. A piping system transports gases, chemicals, water and other fluids throughout a facility during the manufacturing process.

The differences between piping and plumbing are further illustrated by the different standards and requirements that they must adhere to. For example, the building codes that apply to plumbing are significantly more stringent than those that apply to piping. Additionally, the piping design and installation processes for different types of fluids differ.

The specifics of plumbing regulations vary by province or territory, but they generally require that plumbers be licensed and must follow strict guidelines to ensure that their work meets minimum standards. This includes the use of certified materials and upholding the health and safety of consumers. In addition, there are additional regulations that must be followed when working on potable water systems, such as ensuring that drinking water is not contaminated and that waste is properly disposed of.

Commercial Plumbing

As its name suggests, commercial plumbing is the branch of the plumbing industry that deals with businesses and large buildings like offices, shopping malls and high-rise apartments. While both residential and commercial plumbing have some overlap, the main difference is that commercial plumbing serves a much larger clientele than residential plumbing. This means that commercial plumbers are likely to deal with more complicated plumbing systems and a wider range of problems than their residential counterparts.

The plumbing systems in commercial properties tend to be bigger and more complex than those found in homes, as they have to serve a wide range of different occupants. They also have to abide by stricter health and safety regulations, which can sometimes require more sophisticated or extensive equipment than would be necessary in a home. Because of this, commercial plumbing can be more difficult and time consuming to repair than residential plumbing.

A commercial plumbing company is often hired to work on new construction projects as well as to maintain or repair existing systems. These projects may include installing or upgrading pipes, fixtures and other components in restaurants, hotels, shopping centers and other large business or commercial properties. These projects may involve a variety of different types of pipe, including copper, PVC and steel. A professional commercial plumber should have a good understanding of all these different types of pipe and fittings, as they will be required to install or replace them in many different situations.

Another important aspect of commercial plumbing is dealing with higher usage rates. While this is not always a bad thing, it does mean that there is a greater risk of wear and tear on fixtures and appliances. This can lead to a need for more frequent maintenance and repairs, which in turn can result in higher operating costs for the property.

There are a lot of stereotypes about plumbers, but the truth is that they are generally intelligent and highly trained professionals. Most plumbers have at least a high school education and often complete more advanced training programs and apprenticeships in their field. These programs can lead to industry-recognized certifications, such as the National Council of Plumbing Examiners (NCPE) Certificate of Achievement. Regardless of the level of education and experience, all plumbers should be familiar with local building codes and regulations in their area.

Residential Plumbing

Residential plumbing encompasses all of the pipes, sinks, and water-dependent appliances in homes. It covers a wide range of services, including installing and repairing water heaters, identifying leaks, and maintaining faucets and toilets. This type of plumbing also involves rerouting pipes when renovations or extensions are being done to a home. Some plumbers specialize in this type of work, while others may focus on commercial or industrial plumbing.

The main difference between residential and commercial plumbing is the scope of each job. Commercial plumbing is a broad field that can include anything from hospitals, restaurants, and retail stores to warehouses, office buildings, and even prisons. Because of this, commercial plumbing jobs tend to be larger and more complex than their residential counterparts. Commercial plumbers must have a wider variety of skills in order to tackle these projects successfully.

Leaks are one of the most common problems in residential plumbing. These can occur in a number of ways, including from worn-out seals, loose connections, or blockages. These issues can lead to major damage if not addressed promptly. It is important to find a quality plumber that can address these issues quickly and efficiently.

Another issue that residential plumbers often face is clogged drains and sewer lines. These can be difficult to fix and may require the use of power tools or chemicals. Plumbing companies that offer residential plumbing services usually have a team of experts who can handle these issues effectively.

As with any type of plumbing, regular maintenance is important for both residential and commercial locations. This can help prevent leaks and other problems from occurring, as well as extend the lifespan of fixtures and pipes. In many cases, regular maintenance can be performed by the homeowner, but in some instances, it may be necessary to hire a professional.

A career in plumbing can be very rewarding, especially if you enjoy working with your hands and have a knack for problem-solving. There are a number of different ways to get into the plumbing industry, including going through a formal apprenticeship program or earning a certification from a trade school. Once you have the necessary qualifications, you can begin looking for jobs in your area.

Plumbing Permits

As with any plumbing job, it’s always best to consult the local rules and laws regarding permits. Some cities require certain types of plans that must be approved before the permit is actually issued, while others may have other requirements like a certification from a licensed plumber. Typically, you will need a permit when any installation, modification, repair, or extension is done to water piping and wastewater drainage systems. This includes any commercial plumbing work as well.

When do you need a permit? This depends on a lot of factors including the type of work being performed and the location. A home owner might need a permit to change a toilet or install a new sink, but you will definitely need a permit for any type of major project like installing a new kitchen or bathroom or changing the existing piping. A commercial plumbing contractor will need a permit whenever they are performing work on a system that will affect multiple residential or commercial units.

In some cases, a permit might also be needed for any work on fire lines. This is especially true if you’re working in a high-rise building. The plumbing inspection department will determine if you need a separate fire permit or if the general plumbing work can be covered under a single general construction permit.

A plumbing permit is not required for ordinary minor repairs, replacements, or clearances. It is also not necessary if the plumbing work is carried out by a general contractor under a single building permit.

However, if the plumbing work involves connecting to a gas line, an asbestos inspection (not necessarily abatement), and/or a full electrical permit will be required. The process for obtaining an LAA permit can take up to eight weeks and can be further extended during winter months. To speed up the process, there are special express applications that can be filled out to obtain an LAA plumbing permit and the related paperwork within a day. A notice of commencement will be used to officially announce that the plumbing work is about to begin.


Ceiling Repair 101: A Step-By-Step Guide To Fixing Common Issues

A poorly functioning ceiling can lead to mold, structural damage, and a host of other issues. Prompt repair is key to preserving the beauty and function of your home’s interior.

Cracks in the ceiling usually signal a problem that’s coming from above. A professional Ceiling Repair Perth will need to trace the cause and fix it before moving on to repairing the ceiling itself.


Drywall Repair

Whether caused by an unfortunate toilet leak or a hail storm, damaged drywall will not only detract from your home’s aesthetics but can also cause further damage and lead to costly repairs. Fortunately, most of these problems are fairly easy to fix yourself. All you need is the right knowledge, some basic tools, and a little bit of patience. With the help of this comprehensive guide, you’ll be able to tackle anything from hairline cracks above the door to a sagging ceiling.

Horizontal and vertical drywall cracks are usually the result of house settling or lumber shrinkage. These cracks can easily be filled with a thin application of joint compound (also known as mud), but it’s important to use mesh tape to dissuade future cracking. This will ensure that any future drywall repairs are made underneath the tape, rather than on top of it.

Nail and screw pops are another common issue. To remedy these, use a utility knife to cut away any excess drywall material and then sand the hole until smooth. Next, apply a thin layer of joint compound and let dry. Once the compound has a chance to dry, apply a second coat and sand again until smooth.

If you’re working on a large section of wall or ceiling, make sure to locate the studs with a stud finder to avoid cutting into any utilities. Also, be sure to wear a face mask and eye protection to avoid any unnecessary breathing in dust or dirt.

Before beginning a repair project, be sure to move any furniture or lay down a drop cloth to protect your flooring. Next, put on your face mask and gloves and prepare the work area. Depending on the size of your patch, this might mean moving any furniture or covering any carpeting with a protective sheet. After sanding the patched area, you can fill it with spackling paste or joint compound, using a putty knife. After applying the compound, be sure to sand it until smooth and let it dry according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

To fix larger holes, you can use a drywall patch kit. If you prefer a more natural finish, hardware stores sell small cans of spray-on texture material. This type of texture is more subtle and blends in much better with existing walls than pre-textured drywall.


Stains on ceilings aren’t just unsightly — they can indicate a serious problem, such as a leaking roof or broken pipe. Leaks that go untreated can cause mold and rot, creating an environment that is unhealthy for you and your family.

The first step in addressing water stains on your ceiling is to find the source of the leak and make any necessary repairs. Leaks that appear on the ceiling usually originate from a roof area or an upper-level bathroom, and can sometimes be difficult to spot. If you can’t locate the source of a leak, place dehumidifiers around the area to help keep humidity low.

If a ceiling stain discolors the plaster without breaking a taped seam, mist the affected area with a spray bottle and a strong bleach-and-water solution. Repeat the treatment every 10 minutes for a few hours to fade or lighten the discoloration. As you do so, be sure to protect the floor below the ceiling and cover any fixtures with plastic sheets to prevent drips. After several hours, wipe the area clean with a sponge saturated in a bleach solution, then rinse and dry the ceiling with a towel.

When drywall and plaster are subjected to constant streaming moisture, they eventually wear down and become brittle. This causes the joints to loosen, which is why it’s important to keep humidity in your home or business low.

Ceiling cracks can also be a sign of structural damage or problems with the foundation of your building. Depending on the severity of the crack, it may be best to contact a professional surveyor or construction expert for advice.

Straight cracks in ceilings usually result from inadequate taping and mudding during a drywall installation. To repair these cracks, apply drywall compound ($7 to $15 a bucket) to the crack and press in some new tape ($2 to $5 per roll). Use an eight-inch knife to spread a skim coat of joint compound over the repaired area. After each skim coat, sand the surface with 220-grit sandpaper until smooth. Finally, roll on a coat of Kilz UpShot primer and two topcoats of ceiling paint.

Water Damage

If a home or business owner notices a soft protrusion or stained spot on the ceiling, it’s a good idea to call in a professional as soon as possible. Water damage on a ceiling should not be ignored as it can lead to mold and rot, which is a serious health issue for anyone living in the building. It can also result in structural damage, such as sagging ceilings or broken joists and rafters.

A professional home repair expert can help the client find the source of the water leak to make the necessary repairs. Leaks often occur near rooms with plumbing — such as the bathroom or kitchen — but can also be due to a faulty roof, sprinkler systems, or even clogged gutters. If the leak has been occurring for a long time, it can lead to more extensive problems within the walls and elsewhere in the property.

After the source has been identified and repaired, the client will need to dry out the affected area of the ceiling. This could involve putting buckets on the floor, covering the furniture, or sealing off the room to prevent further wet spots and damage. Then, the client can proceed with spackle and paint as needed.

It’s a good idea to use an oil or shellac-based primer to protect the ceiling from future moisture and staining. This step will also ensure that the new ceiling will look uniform so that there are no visible lines from where the old and damaged areas meet.

Depending on the severity of the water damage and how long it has been occurring, the repair may be as simple as touching up with a bit of Spackle and painting, or it might require more extensive work such as replacing the entire section of the ceiling and repainting. The client will need to put their trust in a professional who is familiar with carpentry, roofing, and other construction methods for the most comprehensive repair. It is important to remember that some repairs are simply not suitable for the average homeowner, such as fixing cracks in pipes inside the walls or extensive roof damage.


Mold is not only unsightly but can also cause health problems for the people who live in the house. Mold spores can be inhaled and can lead to respiratory issues such as coughing, wheezing, throat irritation, and congestion. People with asthma may experience more severe symptoms. The key is to act quickly, especially if mold growth covers more than 10 square feet.

The best way to remove mold from a ceiling is to dry it thoroughly. If you have a dehumidifier, use it as soon as water spots appear. Otherwise, spray and scrub the area with a solution of white vinegar, borax or bleach, and hydrogen peroxide, using a scouring sponge. Scrub well, then rinse and let the surface dry completely. Be sure to wear rubber gloves and protective clothing if you’re handling mold spores directly on the ceiling.

Moisture and mold problems on the ceiling can be caused by a roof leak, condensation, or ghosting (discoloration from dirt or soot that has stuck to the ceiling). If you suspect you have a roof leak, try scanning the area with a moisture meter before starting any repairs. If the problem is condensation, you can reduce it by insulating your attic with fiberglass batts.

Black mold, on the other hand, is usually a sign of a more serious issue and must be addressed immediately before it spreads and grows. Inhaling black mold spores can cause respiratory irritation, so the first step is to fix the source of the problem. That might mean repairing a pipe or sealing a leak in the roof.

Once the source of the problem is fixed, you can proceed with removing and cleaning any remaining black mold on the ceiling. Use the same technique as with other types of mold, but make sure to wear rubber gloves and a dust mask. If you’re still having trouble, you can always call in a professional. A professional can remove and replace the mold, sand, and repaint the ceiling, as well as inspect the ceiling for any other damage or problems. They can also recommend the most effective preventative measures to take.